GOVERNOR JAMES C. JONES PAPERS, 1841-1845

The papers of Governor James C. Jones contain several interesting items relative to the affairs of the nation during the period 1841 through 1845. Among these events, represented in these papers by resolutions from other States are certain changes in the U.S. Constitution pertaining to the election of the United States President and Vice- President, slavery within the boundaries of the District of Columbia, Texas annexation, revision of the nation’s tariff laws, franking privileges by members of the Congress, trade on the Mississippi River, and repudiation of state debts. Locally, the persistent rivalry between the Whig Party members of the State and the Democrats resulted in a first administration of Governor Jones with little or no progress as evidence. During this stalemated period was the famous dispute between the “Immortal Thirteen” (Democrats) members of the Senate, and the “Twelve Destructives” (Whigs), which resulted in the failure of the State Legislature to seat a U.S. Senator in Washington for two years. The election of 1843 proved successful in removing the logjam in the State Legislature, whereas the Whigs regained control of both Houses of the General Assembly, as well as a second term for Jones. This term resulted in progressive legislation leading to the establishment of the Tennessee School for the Blind and Deaf, and the permanent seating of State government in the city of Nashville.