Mf.1 -- John Houston Bills Diaries, 1843-1871. VUL. 26 vols. 2 reels. 35mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
Here are the diaries, with occasional gaps, of John Houston Bills (1800-1871), a businessman and planter who lived near Bolivar. Bills recorded family news, farm records, life during the Civil War and Reconstruction, relations with slaves and freedmen, and trips to northern and southern cities.
Mf. 2 -- Campbell Brown Memoirs, 1861-1863. 2 vols. TSLA. 1 reel. 35mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are military reminiscences of Major Brown (1840-1893), Confederate States of America, of Maury County. Writing in 1867-69, Brown describes daily life and local opinion in Nashville immediately before and after the firing on Fort Sumter in April, 1861. The Battle of Gettysburg is also described in detail.
Mf. 3 -- Isaac Newton Buck Papers, 1836-1850. 20 items. 3 vols. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The papers of Isaac Newton Buck, businessman, Methodist minister, and cofounder, with his son Jonathan Buck, of Andrew College in Putnam County includes account books for Buck's store near White Plains in Jackson County, which lists customers' names, items purchased, and prices paid. Also included are the 1847 state legislation, a deed dated 1849, and other papers relating to Andrew College.
Mf. 4 -- George Washington Cable Correspondence, 1889-1898. 50 items. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is correspondence between Cable (1844-1925), a noted author from New Orleans, Louisiana, and later Northampton, Massachusetts, and Charles Waddell Chesnutt (1858-1932), Negro poet of Cleveland, Ohio. Chesnutt's literary efforts and the Open Letter Club, an inter-racial organization headquartered in New York City and Vanderbilt University, Nashville, are discussed.
Mf. 5 -- Isaac Conger Diary, 1813. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm.
This is the diary of Isaac Conger (1789-1857), a Methodist circuit rider in Bedford, Moore, Coffee, Franklin, and Lincoln counties. Conger, who lived in Lincoln County, describes his daily activities as a preacher.
Mf. 6 -- James A. P. Fancher Diary, 1864-1865. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The diary of Pvt. Fancher (d. 1912), Co. K, 16th Tennessee Infantry, Confederate States of America. Fancher, a native of White County, describes his capture by Federal troops; his imprisonments near Pikeville, Tennessee, and Rock Island, Illinois; his enlistment in the U.S. Army; and his subsequent duties at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
Mf. 7 -- John Jay Freeland Account Book, 1852-1856. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is an account book for John Jay Freeland's general merchandise store in Hillsborough, North Carolina, owned in partnership with his son Dr. Charles Joseph Freeland. The account books list customers' names, items purchased, and amounts paid. Also included are notes made by Dr. Freeland regarding his medical practice in Moultrie County, Illinois.
Mf. 8 -- Isham Green Harris Letterbook 1861-1862. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This letterbook of official correspondence consists of forty-six letters written by Harris (1818-1897), Governor of Tennessee, 1857-62, and is addressed to individuals of prominence in the Confederate government and army, such as Judah P. Benjamin, Jefferson Davis, Albert S. Johnston, Christopher G. Memminger, Gideon J. Pillow, and Leonidas Polk.
Mf. 9 -- J. C. Harwood Diary, 1863-1864. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The J.C. Harwood diary is that of an enlisted man in Co. A, 1st Indiana Battalion, U.S. Army. Harwood, who was stationed in Pulaski County, describes his routine as a soldier; the hanging of Sam Davis in November, 1863; foraging expeditions; and the confiscation of cotton.
Mf. 10 -- Thomas Fearn Perkins Henderson Diary, 1917-1919. ca. 1920-1941. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is the diary, with supplements, of Capt. Henderson (1882-1966), Battery F, 114th Field Artillery, U.S. Army. Henderson, of Williamson County, records his activities in Europe during World War I; information on his unit; and lists of Williamson County soldiers who served in World War I and the Spanish-American and Civil Wars. Also included is correspondence regarding the plot to capture Kaiser Wilhelm II in 1918-19, in which Henderson was involved. See additional Thomas F. P. Henderson papers on Mf. 1090 and Mf. 1357.
Mf. 11 -- Andrew Jackson Hermitage Papers, ca. 1791-1837. 65 items. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This collection of papers of Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), congressman, War of 1812 officer, Florida Territory Governor, and U.S. President, consists primarily of correspondence to friends and family on business and personal matters. Also included are accounts, invitations, legal documents, letters of introduction, military records, and correspondence regarding the Ladies' Hermitage Association. See additional papers of Jackson on Mf. 30, Mf. 172, Mf. 300, Mf. 337, Mf. 809, Mf. 1032 and Mf. 1099.
Mf. 12 -- Cave Johnson Papers, 1824-1858. 67 items. PHS. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The papers of Cave Johnson (1793-1866), lawyer, congressman, postmaster general, and resident of Clarksville, consists primarily of letters written by Johnson to James Buchanan regarding political affairs in Tennessee.
Mf. 13 -- Samuel Milligan Memoirs, 1863-1869. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is a memoir of Samuel Milligan (1814-1874), Judge, U.S. Court of Claims; resident of Greeneville; and associate of Andrew Johnson. Milligan, who was a Unionist during the Civil War, writes of his activities reporting on Confederate troop strengths to the Union forces and his eventual move behind Union lines for protection. Milligan also observes and reports on activities at the 1860 Democratic National Convention which he attended. Also included are genealogical data and biographical sketches relating to the Milligan family.
Mf. 14 -- Alfred Osborne Pope Nicholson Papers, 1838-1872. 131 items. NYHS. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The papers of Alfred Osborne Pope Nicholson (1808-1876), a politician and U.S. Senator from Columbia and Nashville, consists primarily of political correspondence with men such as President Franklin Pierce and Tennessee Governors Isham Green Harris and Andrew Johnson. Also included are letters from John Bell, James Buchanan, John C. Calhoun, Jefferson Davis, James K. Polk, and other prominent individuals of the period.
Mf. 15 -- James Hervey Otey Diary, 1855. 1 vol. VUL. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
James Hervey Otey (1800-1863) was the first Episcopal Bishop of the Diocese of Tennessee and one of the founders of the University of the South at Sewanee. In this diary Otey describes his church work, daily activities, and travels, including a trip to New Orleans.
Mf. 16 -- John Overton Papers, 1785-1854. 518 items. THS. 2 reels. 35 mm.
The papers of John Overton (1766-1833), lawyer; land speculator; resident of Nashville; and political adviser to Andrew Jackson, includes twenty-one letters written by Jackson to Overton and five letters written by Overton to Jackson. Other correspondents include John Bell, William Blount, Willie Blount, Henry Clay, John Coffee, John Dickinson, John H. Eaton, Felix Grundy, Sam Houston, John Peyton, James Robertson, John Sevier, Hugh L. White, and other prominent men of the period. See also Mf. 748, Mf. 803, and Mf. 812 for other collections of John Overton Papers.
Mf. 17 -- William Polk Papers, 1785-1890. 3 vols. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The papers of William Polk (1758-1834), Revolutionary War soldier; politician; and businessman of Raleigh, North Carolina, includes Tennessee land surveys, 1785-1814; a parish register for St. John's Episcopal Church in Ashwood, Maury County; three letters of William Polk, 1832-33; and inventories relating to the sale of the Hamilton Place in Ashwood between 1880 and 1890.
Mf. 18 -- Christiana Strickler Diary, 1851. 1 vol. (typed transcript) TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is the diary of a young woman from Shelbyville written while on a trip to Niagara Falls, New York City, Boston, Philadelphia and Washington, D.C. Miss Strickler records her daily activities and her impressions of the places she has visited. Also included is a biographical sketch of Adam Gillespie Adams (1862-1920) of Nashville.
Mf. 19 -- Mary Jane Strickler Diary, 1847. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is the diary of a young woman, Mary Jane Strickler (1829-1894), from Shelbyville written while on a trip to New York City, Boston, Albany, Buffalo, and Philadelphia. Miss Strickler records her daily activities and her impressions of places she has visited.
Mf. 20 -- Loyal Walter Murphy Field Notes, 1894. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are the papers of Loyal Walter Murphy (1864-1935), engineer and registered surveyor who did survey work on the Tennessee-Mississippi state line. The volume consists of field notes kept by Murphy while surveying the boundary between the two states.
Mf. 21 -- Cumberland Presbyterian Church Records. Wayne County, 1838-1920. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The records of Cumberland Presbyterian Church consist of an indexed church register; minutes of session, 1865-1920; and lists of elders, deacons, communicants, baptisms, marriages, and deaths.
Mf. 22 -- St. Paul's Episcopal Church Records. Franklin, 1827-1954. 4 vols. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The records of St. Paul’s Episcopal Church consist of minutes of the vestry and congregation; registers of communicants; baptisms, marriages, confirmations, and burials; and a few miscellaneous items relating to this Williamson County church.
Mf. 23 -- Lutheran Synods of Tennessee and North Carolina, 1813-1828. 1 item, 7 vols. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are minutes, written primarily in German, of the meetings of the North Carolina and Tennessee synods of the Lutheran Church for the years 1813, 1818, 1820, 1825, 1827, and 1828.
Mf. 24 -- Bethbirei Presbyterian Church Records. Marshall County, 1827-1910. 2 items. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The records of Bethbirei Presbyterian Church consist of the constitution and records of the Sabbath School, 1827-41; and two pamphlets, 1860 and 1910, commemorating the 50 and 100-year anniversaries of the church, respectively. From 1810-36 the church was located in what was then Bedford County.
Mf. 25 -- Notchey Creek Baptist Church Records. Madisonville, 1908-1930. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The records of Notchey Creek Baptist Church consist of a membership list and minutes for this Monroe County Church.
Mf. 26 -- Public Policy and Pollution Abatement: TVA and Strip Mining, by Bruce Daniel Rogers, fl. 1970 and City-County Consolidation: Its Implications for Metropolitan Revenues, Services, and Administration, by Kenneth Ryan Murray, fl. 1970. 2 vols. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are two doctoral dissertations dealing with contemporary issues in Tennessee. The first one, completed in 1973 at Indiana University, deals with the policies of the TVA regarding the purchase and use of strip mined coal. The second one, completed in 1973 at Purdue University, considers the effects of city-county consolidation through the study of four U.S. cities, one of which was Nashville.
Mf. 27 -- McKinney and Allied Families Papers, ca. 1050-1950. 2,500 items. TSLA. 5 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These papers include genealogical data on the McKinney and related families including the Cannon, Douglas, Fulcher, Hoey, Huie, Kinneair, Lee, McPherson, Meyers, Simms, Smith, Taylor, Tillman, and Wilkins families of Tennessee, Alabama, Maryland, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Virginia, and England.
Mf. 28 -- Sain and Allied Families Papers, ca. 1655-1958. 3 vols. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These papers include genealogical data on the Sain (Sane, Saine, Sayne, Sehn) and related families of Tennessee, Alabama, Arkansas, Kentucky, and North Carolina.
Mf. 29 -- Lyman Copeland Draper (Collector) Papers, 1542-1916. WHS. 133 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The Draper papers, compiled by Lyman Draper (1815-1891), cover a broad geographical area of the United States from the East Coast to the Mississippi River, classified primarily under names of important figures. Much information on the early history of Tennessee can be found in these papers. The Draper Papers, in fact, constitute one of the essential primary sources for the frontier phase of the state’s history. Such topics as the Battle of King’s Mountain, Nancy Ward, Attakullakulla, Dragging Canoe, Cherokee treaties, the early Cumberland settlements, Nashborough, James Robertson, the Nickajack expedition, and many others are dealt with in the far-ranging interviews and notes that Draper collected during the early 19th century.
The collections are arranged under the following general headings: George Michael Bedinger Manuscripts; Draper's Life of Daniel Boone; Border Forays; Samuel Brady and Lewis Wetzel Manuscripts; Joseph Brant Manuscripts and Miscellanies; Daniel Brodhead Papers; George Rogers Clark Manuscripts and Miscellanies; Jonathan Clark Papers; William Clark Papers; William Croghan Papers; Daniel Drake Papers; Drake's Biographical Sketches, Historical Miscellanies, Memoranda Books and Notes; Thomas Forsyth Papers; Frontier Wars Manuscripts; Georgia, Alabama, and South Carolina Papers; Josiah Harmar Papers; William Henry Harrison Papers; Thomas Spottswood Hinde Papers; Illinois Manuscripts; William Irvine Papers; and Kentucky Manuscripts.
Also, Kings Mountain Manuscripts; London Documents at Albany; Mecklenburg Declaration and Miscellanies; Newspaper Extracts; North Carolina Manuscripts; Paris Documents at Albany; Robert Patterson Papers; Pittsburgh and Northwest Virginia Manuscripts; Pension Statements; Potter Family Papers; William Preston Papers; Peter S. Ney--Michael Rudolph Manuscripts; David Shephard Papers; South Carolina Manuscripts; South Carolina in the Revolution Miscellanies; Thomas Sumter Manuscripts; John Cleaves Symmes Papers; Tennessee Papers; Tecumseh Papers; and Virginia Manuscripts. Published guides in the library.
Mf. 30 -- Andrew Jackson Presidential Papers, 1775-1860. 166 vols. LC. 74 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are primarily public, private, and military papers of Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), congressman, War of 1812 officer, Florida Territory Governor, and U.S. President. The collection includes general correspondence; orders, muster rolls, and other military records; and various record books. Much of Jackson ’s correspondence was carried on with former soldiers, advisors, and business associates in Tennessee. Correspondents include John H. Eaton, James K. Polk, Martin Van Buren, and other prominent individuals of the period. Published index. See also Mf. 11, Mf. 172, Mf. 300, Mf. 337, Mf. 809, Mf. 1032 and Mf. 1099 for other collections of Jackson papers.
Mf. 31 -- James Knox Polk Presidential Papers, 1775-1849. 3,000 items. 182 vols. LC. 67 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are public and private papers of James K. Polk (1795-1849), eleventh President of the United States, 1845-49. Polk came from a prominent family of Maury County planters and many of his letters were to home state constituents and political associates. The collection includes correspondence, diaries, drafts of congressional messages, account and memoranda books, and Polk's notes on various issues of the period. Correspondents include Andrew Jackson, A. O. P. Nicholson, Gideon J. Pillow, and other prominent men of the period. Originals are located in the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. Published index. See also Mf. 601, Mf. 754 and Mf. 805 for other political and family papers pertaining to James K. Polk.
Mf. 32 -- Freedman's Bureau Records. Tennessee, 1865-1872. NA. 73 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are selected records from the Tennessee Field Office of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. The Freedman’s Bureau was set up by Radical Republicans to minister to the educational and economic needs of freed slaves in the wake of the Civil War. These records constitute the first official documentation of many newly freed slaves and are, therefore, a very significant source for African-American genealogy, as well as a critical source for the history of Reconstruction in Tennessee.
These records contain correspondence, reports, orders, complaints, leases for abandoned lands, and labor contracts. The bulk of the collection consists of letters to and from the Bureau’s field agents in various county seat towns in Middle and West Tennessee, concerning problems and issues confronting freedmen in their area. Unpublished register.
Mf. 33 -- Records of Creek Trading House and Letter Box, 1795-1816. NA. 1 reel. Microfilm Only Collection
The Creek Trading company was set up by the federal government to sell goods in the southern frontier (Georgia and Alabama) at reasonably good rates to foster good will and friendship and to discourage trade between the Indians and the French and Spanish.
Mf. 34 -- Records of the Cherokee Indian Agency in Tennessee, 1801-1835. NA. 14 rolls. 35mm. Microfilm Only Collection
This collection contains records of the agency, including its correspondence with officials, private individuals, and chiefs and other members of the Cherokee tribe. Subjects include economic and social conditions, trade and travel, work of missionaries, friction between whites and Cherokee and within the tribe, the treaty of July 8, 1917, and the Cherokee migration westward. It also includes the records of the Cherokee agents as the financial and procurement agent for the War Department in Tennessee and the records of Joseph McMinn, special agent for the removal of the Cherokees.
Mf. 35 -- Adly M. Millsaps Letters, 1833-1850. 26 items. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are primarily business, legal, and personal letters addressed to Millsaps, a farmer and workman with residences and/or business interests in Marshall, Monroe, and Roane counties, Tennessee, and Carroll County, Georgia.
Mf. 36 -- Abbe Institute Records, 1855-1860. Lebanon. 1 vol. UNC. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This volume of records of the Abbe Institute, a coeducational school founded in 1835 by Miss Harriet Abbe and her sister Mrs. Kilborn, both of Boston, Massachusetts, contains lists of students and school accounts.
Mf. 37 -- McGavock Family Papers, 1797-1897. 228 items. UNC. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are assorted personal, official, and political papers of the McGavocks, a prominent southern family. The collection includes the papers, 1799-1815, of Hugh McGavock (1761-1844), of Wyeth County, Virginia; the pre-Civil War papers of Jacob McGavock Dickinson's father, Judge Henry Dickinson (1806-1872) of Columbus, Mississippi; and the pre-Civil War political correspondence of Randal W. McGavock (1826-1863), Confederate army officer, politician, and mayor of Nashville. Correspondents include Joseph Anderson, James Buchanan, Felix Grundy, Thomas Maney, and E. C. Walthall. See also Mf. 97, Mf. 626, Mf. 836, Mf. 842 and Mf. 1218 for other collections of McGavock papers.
Mf. 38 -- Foster-Woods Family Papers, 1817-1852. 283 items. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm.
This is primarily the correspondence of members of the Foster family, including the political correspondence of Ephraim Hubbard Foster (1794-1854) of Nashville, U.S. Senator and Whig orator, regarding his 1845 campaign for the governorship of Tennessee; and the business and legal correspondence, 1839-43, of his son Robert C. Foster (1818-1871), a Nashville lawyer.
Mf. 39 -- Rugby Colony Papers, 1872-1938. Morgan County. 200 items (some typed transcripts). TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is correspondence of Thomas Hughes (1823-1896), founder of the English colony of Rugby. Also included are other letters, sketches, programs, and documents relating to the founding and life of the colony, which was established for the younger sons of English gentry. Unpublished register.
Mf. 40 -- Samuel Hervey Laughlin Diary, 1845. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This diary was kept by Samuel Hervey Laughlin (1796-1850), a lawyer, Nashville newspaper editor, and State Senator representing Warren, Franklin, Coffee, Cannon, DeKalb, and Van Buren counties and the territory which later became Grundy County. Laughlin records his daily activities and observations on current local issues. Also included are a eulogistic sketch of Felix Grundy (1777-1840) and some genealogical data regarding the Duncan, Sharpe, and Laughlin families. See also Mf. 81 and Mf. 745 for other collections of Laughlin papers.
Mf. 41 -- W. A. Caruthers Diary, 1861-1864. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is the diary of Cpl. Caruthers, Polk's Light Artillery, Confederate States of America, who was wounded in the Battle of Shiloh in April, 1862. Caruthers records briefly the Battle of Shiloh and his daily activities as a teacher in Hardeman County following his military discharge in 1862.
Mf. 42 -- Albert Lee Dorsey Collection, ca. 1860-1940. 500 items (some typed transcripts). TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
Albert Lee Dorsey (1879-1949), collected accounts, clippings, genealogical data, historical sketches, legislation, and other miscellaneous papers relating to the history of Robertson County.
Mf. 43 -- Church of Christ Records. Boston, Tennessee, 1855-1888. TSLA. 1 vol. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The records of the Boston Church of Christ consists of lists of members, elders, deacons, and ministers; records of marriages, baptisms, deaths, and transfers; letters of recommendation; records of contributions and distribution of funds; names of members excluded from church membership; and a historical sketch of this Williamson County church.
Mf. 44 -- Methodist Episcopal Churches in Tennessee, 1879-1892. 14 vols. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
Here are the minutes of the sixty-sixth through seventy-ninth annual Tennessee conferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. Also included are conference attendance rolls, 1812-92.
Mf. 45 -- Josephine (Westmoreland) Casey Memoirs, 1910. TSLA. 1 vol. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The memoirs consist of reminiscences of Josephine Westmoreland Casey (1838-1912), in early Giles County, Tennessee, and Lauderdale County, Alabama; family history; and genealogical data relating to the Henderson, Littleton, Westmoreland, and related families of Obion County.
Mf. 46 -- Methodist Church Records, Tennessee Conference Journal, 1866-1870. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The journal of the conferences of the Middle Tennessee districts of the Methodist Church includes minutes, statistical records, names, and biographical sketches of some of the district ministers. Also included are the same for the Huntsville, Alabama, district.
Mf. 47 -- Christ Episcopal Church Records. Nashville, 1829-1958. 10 vols. TSLA. 2 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are the records of baptisms, births, deaths, and marriages for this Davidson County church.
Mf. 48 -- Boone's Creek Church of Christ Records. Washington County, 1834-1892. 27 items. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The records of Boone’s Creek Church of Christ consist of the constitution and bylaws, subscription list, deeds, and miscellaneous correspondence arranged for the church centennial celebration in 1934.
Mf. 49 -- John Rhea Letters, 1805-1831. 35 items. LC. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are letters of John Rhea (1753-1832), a Congressman from Sullivan County, 1803-15. The letters were written to Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, and Andrew Jackson and deal mainly with political events of the period.
Mf. 50 -- Peter Close Diary, 1862. 1 vol. 1 reel. 35 mm.
This diary, written in French, is that of Pvt. Close (Pierre Clausse), 13th Pennsylvania Reserves, U.S. Army. Close describes his army activities in New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia. He was wounded in the second Bull Run Campaign in 1862.
Mf. 51 -- U.S. Department Of State Diplomatic Dispatches, 1811-1906. NA. 14 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This film contains diplomatic instructions for the following states: Central American States, 1833-58; Venezuela, 1876-1900; and, notes to and from foreign legations: Central American States, 1849-1906; Russia, 1809-70. The originals are located in the National Archives, Washington, D.C.
Mf. 52 -- U.S. Department of War Correspondence, 1794-1889. NA. 251 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are letters sent regarding military affairs, 1800-61; letters sent to the U.S. president, 1800-63; registers of letters received 1800-60; confidential and unofficial letters sent, 1814-47; orders of Gen. Zachary Taylor to the Army of Occupation in the Mexican War, 1845-47; records relating to the U.S. Military Academy, 1812-67; regarding Indian affairs: Letters of Tench Coxe, commissioner of the Revenue, Indian Supplies, 1794-1896; records of Creek Trading House, letter box, 1795-1816; letters sent by U.S. Secretary of War, Indian Affairs, 1800-24; records of the Cherokee Indian Agency in Tennessee, 1810-35; correspondence and miscellaneous records, 1800-23; agency letterbooks, 1823-27, 1832-35; fiscal records, 1801-20; records of the U.S. War Department agent in Tennessee, 1800-15; letters sent by superintendent of Indian Trade, 1807-23; letters sent by Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-69; records of Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-40. Originals located in the National Archives, Washington D.C. Published guide.
Mf. 53 -- U.S. Department of the Navy Records, 1841-1865. Squadron Letters. NA. 100 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are letters received by the U.S. Secretary of the Navy from commanding officers of squadrons, 1841-65; Brazil Squadron and Mississippi Squadron, 1841-54; South Atlantic Blockading Squadron and North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 1861-65; West Gulf Blockading Squadron and East Gulf Blockading Squadron, 1862-65; Mortar Flotilla, 1862. Unpublished guide.
Mf. 54 -- Territorial Papers of the U.S. Senate, 1789-1867. NA. 10 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are Territorial papers for the following territories: Territory Northwest of Ohio, 1791-1813; Territory South of the River Ohio, 1790-1796 (including the territory that would subsequently become the state of Tennessee); Mississippi, 1799-1818; Orleans, 1803-13; Louisiana-Missouri, 1804-22; Alabama, 1818-22; Arkansas, 1820-36; Florida, 1806-45; and miscellaneous papers, 1806-67. Published guide.
Mf. 55 -- Southern Tenant Farmers Union. Clippings, 1934-1973. 2,500 items. 1 vol. UNC. 5 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This collection consists primarily of news stories about the Southern Tenant Farmers Union and its successor organizations, the National Farm Labor Union, the National Agricultural Workers Union, and the Agriculture and Allied Workers Union. Also included are the memoirs of H. L. Mitchell (b. 1906), one of the early union leaders who had his headquarters in Memphis, Tennessee. The Southern Tenant Farmer’s Union was one of the most significant Depression-era organizations of sharecroppers and agricultural laborers.
Mf. 56 -- William Gildersleeve Vardell Letters, 1862-1863. 51 items. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
In the personal correspondence of Major Vardell, Confederate States of America, to his wife Jane Dickinson Vardell of Charleston and Greenville, South Carolina, Vardell expresses primary concern for the happiness of his wife and family and writes only briefly of his military duties.
Mf. 57 -- Hettie (Irwin) Hardin Memoirs, 1900-1913. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The reminiscences of Hettie Hardin, a Savannah woman, describes her family's activities during the Civil War, particularly during the Battle of Shiloh in April, 1862. Also included are biographical sketches of Gen. Robert E. Lee, Sam Davis, and Gen. William B. Bate; and genealogical data on the Irwin family.
Mf. 58 -- Susie Gentry Scrapbook, 1901-1937. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm.
This scrapbook was compiled by Susie Gentry (1860-1844), a Franklin genealogist and civic leader. The volume contains sketches of historical events, prominent men and women, and historic houses; lists of Revolutionary War veterans and cemeteries; accounts of activities of the Daughters of the American Revolution and the United Daughters of the Confederacy; and assorted clippings on a wide range of subjects.
Mf. 59 -- Jonathan Wade H. Tipton Journal, 1846-1847. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This journal was kept by Pvt. Tipton (1822-1894), of Blount County, 1st Tennessee Mounted Volunteers, U.S. Army, while serving in the Mexican War. Tipton records events enroute from Camp Carroll, near Memphis, Tennessee, to the Rio Grande; also described are the Battles of Vera Cruz and Cerro Gordo.
Mf. 60 -- Joseph Branch O’Bryan Letters 1861-1865. 34 items. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is correspondence of Capt. O'Bryan (1838-1900), of Nashville, Co. B, 1st Tennessee Infantry, Confederate States of America, to his sisters Martha Maney and Frances Blount. O'Bryan, who was encamped in Tennessee and Georgia, records his daily activities and makes some discerning observations about Gens. Braxton Bragg, John Bell Hood, and Joseph E. Johnston. Unpublished register.
Mf. 61 -- Walter Hoover Collection, 1786-1926. 250 items. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm.
This diverse collection reflects the history of Rutherford and Davidson counties and was collected by Walter Hoover (1910-). Included are newspapers, ca. 1841-1926; correspondence, 1820-1926; legal documents, 1786-1901; and memorabilia and speeches, 1818-61. Unpublished register.
Mf. 62 -- Shelby Family Papers, 1738-1859. 8 vols. LC. 3 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are business papers, legal documents, and correspondence of the Shelby family, including Isaac Shelby (1750-1826), first Governor of Kentucky, 1792-96. Genealogical data on the Hart family is also included.
Mf. 63 -- Branham and Hughes Military Academy Records, 1892-1932. Spring Hill, Maury County. 1,500 items. 2 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are primarily academic records of students who attended the Branham and Hughes Military Academy. The preparatory school was originally founded as the Campus School near Vanderbilt University, Nashville. In 1897 it moved to Spring Hill in Maury County, where it operated until its closing in 1932. Unpublished register.
Mf. 64 -- James Edward Rains Letters, 1861-1862. 13 items (some typed transcripts). 1 reel. 35 mm.
These are letters of Brig. Gen. Rains, (1833-1862), Confederate States of America, commander of a garrison at Cumberland Gap, to his wife in Nashville. Rains describes his daily activities and implores his wife to join him at Cumberland Gap. Also included is a copy of a speech, 1860, made by Rains in opposition to secession. Unpublished register.
Mf. 65 -- West End Methodist Church Records. Nashville, 1873-1959. 7 vols. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are records of West End Methodist Church, consisting of membership, baptismal, marriage, and death records; minutes of the meetings of the Board of Stewards; and other items relating to the history of the church. Records for the years 1897-1914 are missing.
Mf. 66 -- Reuben Ross Diaries, 1851-1853, 1862. 20 items. 3 vols. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The diaries were written by Reuben Ross (1830-1864), a young cadet from Middle Tennessee, while he was attending the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York. Also included is an undated journal of a trip to New Orleans, Louisiana; correspondence; and some later military orders of Capt. Ross, Maury Artillery, Confederate States of America.
Mf. 67 -- Polk Family, et al. Papers, 1767-1834. 50 items. 4 vols. LC. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This collection consists of four separate accessions: (1) The correspondence, legal documents, and other papers of William Polk (1758-1834) of North Carolina, surveyor-general of that part of North Carolina which later became Tennessee. Collection includes letters from Andrew Jackson Donelson, John H. Eaton, Ephraim H. Foster, Andrew Jackson, James K. Polk, Leonidas Polk, and other prominent individuals of the period. (2) A journal, 1760-61, of Christopher Fischer, describing his trip from Charleston, South Carolina, to the "Heywassie Country." (3) The autobiography, travels, and poetry (unpublished), ca. 1820, of John Bell (fl. 1800-1850), a physician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Included is a description of early Nashville. (4) The correspondence, 1816-83, primarily of John Coffee (1772-1833) of Nashville, including twenty letters from Andrew Jackson; other correspondents include William Polk and A. J. Hutchins.
Mf. 68 -- B. M. Colditz Diaries, 1870-1872, 1885-1889. 2 vols. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The diaries of, B.M. Colditz, a Fentress County citizen, contain information on voters of the Twelfth Civil District, pupils in the Twelfth District School, agricultural tables, and accounts and records of Colditz's daily activities.
Mf. 69 -- Spanish-American War Records. Veterans Rosters, 1924-1927. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are records of the Spanish-American War veterans of the Department of Tennessee, Camp No. 20, Col. William C. Smith Camp. The name, address, occupation, and facts regarding military service are given. Indexed.
Mf. 70 -- McAlister Family Papers, 1675-1957. 500 items (some transcripts). TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The McAlister family papers of Nashville, include wills, funeral notices, indentures, diaries, sketches, and cemetery records; extensive genealogical data on the McAlister, Hill, Rhea, Dysart, Blount, and Brown families; some correspondence, 1954-57, to and from Hill McAlister (1875-1960), Democrat and Governor of Tennessee, 1933-37, primarily regarding the genealogy of the McAlister family; a scrapbook containing letters of congratulation to Howell E. Jackson (1832-1895), of Memphis and Jackson, for his appointment to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1893; and Jackson's notebook of decisions made by the court during the period 1893-94.
Mf. 71 -- Goodloe Family Papers, 1581-1910. 1 vol. GDAH. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This collection includes historical and genealogical data relating to the Goodloe family of Tennessee and other southern states compiled by Hallum W. Goodloe (1869-1956), Secretary of State under Tennessee Governors Malcolm R. Patterson and Ben W. Hooper.
Mf. 73 -- Nannie (Haskins) Williams Diary, 1869-1890. 1 vol. UNC. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is a diary kept by Mrs. Williams (b. 1846), a native of Montgomery County, who moved to Todd County, Kentucky, following her marriage in 1870. Mrs. Williams records her daily activities, her attempts to write a novel, and local news of Todd and Montgomery counties. There are no entries for 1872-74. See also Mf. 1261.
Mf. 74 -- First Baptist Church Records. Nashville, 1820-1863. 1 vol. TSLA. 2 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The records of First Baptist Church consist of an unpublished history of the church written by Rev. Robert Boyte Crawford Howell (1801-1868). Included are chapters on the church's early organization, pastorships, missionary work, the Baptist State Convention, factions within the church, and the church during the Civil War.
Mf. 75 -- Hayes Family Papers, 1837-1882. 258 items. 1 reel. 35 mm.
This collection consists primarily of correspondence, accounts, legal documents, and memorabilia of the Hayes family of Davidson and Williamson counties. Correspondents include Oliver Bliss Hayes (1825-1868) of Williamson County, the son of Oliver Bliss Hayes (1783-1858), a prominent Nashville lawyer and later an ordained Presbyterian minister. The collection contains fourteen Civil War letters. One of these letters, dated 1863, mentions the death of Randal McGavock (1826-1863), an officer in the Confederate army; the letter also describes conditions in the North during the Civil War.
Mf. 76 -- Bethbirei Presbyterian Church Records. Marshall County, 1817-1875. 1 vo1. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The records of Bethbirei Presbyterian Church consist of minutes of the meetings of the Bible Society, including names of officers and treasurers' reports. See also Mf. 24 and Mf. 548 for additional records of this church.
Mf. 77 -- John Overton Letterbook, 1795-1804. 2 vols. 2 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The letterbooks, 1795-99, 1800-04, were kept by John Overton (1766-1833) of Nashville, while he was a collector of internal revenue in the District of Tennessee for the United States government. Correspondence deals with revenue collections, taxation appointments, and other legal matters. Also included are receipts and circulars. Originals located at Travellers Rest, Nashville.
Mf. 78 -- Records Relating to the United States Military Academy, 1812-1867. NA. 29 reels. 35mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are copies of letters sent by the Chief of Engineers, serving ex officio as Inspector of the United States Military Academy, and by officers of the Corps of Engineers under his orders, relating to the affairs of the Academy.
Mf. 79 -- Frank B. Kendrick Memoirs, 1861-1905. 1 vol. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
These are reminiscences written in 1905 by Pvt. Kendrick (b. 1845), 1st Tennessee Infantry, Confederate States of America. Kendrick describes camp conditions; the Battle of Perryville, Kentucky, 1862; the difficult winter of 1863; the attempted invasion of Ohio and Indiana; and reunion activities following the Civil War.
Mf. 80 -- Records of the U.S. Civil Service Commission, Memphis, 1863-1864. NA. 9 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
Journal; appearance, court, and judgment dockets; and final records of the U. S. Civil Service Commission in Memphis.
Mf. 81 -- Samuel Hervey Laughlin Diary, 1840-1844. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is a diary kept by Samuel Hervey Laughlin (1796-1850), a lawyer, Nashville newspaper editor and State Senator, representing Warren, Franklin, Coffee, Cannon, DeKalb, and Van Buren counties and the territory which later became Grundy County. Laughlin records his trip to Baltimore, Maryland, for the 1840 Democratic National Convention; a visit to Washington, D.C.; and memoranda made during the 1843-44 session of the Tennessee General Assembly. Some of the prominent men mentioned are Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson, James K. Polk, and William Henry Harrison. See also Mf. 40 and Mf. 745 for additional collections of Laughlin papers.
Mf. 82 -- Records U.S. General Accounting Office, 1862-1865. Civil War Direct Tax Assessment. NA. 6 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
Civil War Direct Tax Assessment records for Tennessee are listed by county. Assessments were made under the Congressional act entitled "An Act for the Collection of Direct Taxes in the insurrectionary districts within the United States, and other purposes," approved June 7, 1862. The Federal government was attempting to make the occupied South bear part of the cost of the war with this assessment. This is an extremely detailed and valuable wartime tax list for most of Tennessee, arranged by county and civil district.
Mf. 83 -- Indian Agency Expense Book, 1797-1798. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is an expense book or daybook of an Indian agent, probably David Henley, who was stationed in Knoxville. The book contains lists of materials or services exchanged for cash, and various receipts.
Mf. 84 -- Samuel Rankin Latta Diary, 1848-1857. 4 vols. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm.
This collection consists of four journals and miscellaneous letters of Samuel Latta (1827-1911) from Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. Latta records his activities as a student at Washington College in Pennsylvania, his move to Dyersburg, Tennessee, his marriage to Mary Guthrie, and comments on the Whig, Democratic, and Know-Nothing parties. There are 32 letters in the collection from June of 1861 to April of 1862, all of which are personal correspondence between family members during the Civil War. Twenty letters are from Capt. Samuel R. Latta, in the 13th Tennessee Regiment Confederate States of America, to his wife, Mary (Guthrie) Latta while stationed at various camps in the Confederacy. There is a photocopy of a lengthy letter from Capt. Latta to his wife on April 10, 1862, which is a detailed account of his involvement in the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee (the original copy is in the manuscript section at the University of Tennessee). Three letters are from John G. Latta to his brother, Samuel, who was living in Boston, Massachusetts, during the outbreak of the Civil War. The letters relate his moving his family to Dyer County, Tennessee, despite the risk it entailed. H e worked as an engineer and teacher in Dyer County.
Mf. 85 -- Grigsby Family Records, ca. 1719-1971. 190 items. 5 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is genealogical data for the Grigsby, Hodges, Julian, Lebow, Lee, Reynolds, Sanders, and related families of Hawkins County, and Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia, and England. Included are account books, Bible records, bills of sale, church records, estate papers, land records, legal documents, marriage records, newspaper clippings, obituaries, photographs, receipts, sketches, and wills. Unpublished register.
Mf. 86 -- Jesse Cox Diary and Memoirs, 1834-1863. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm.
This is the diary of Jesse Cox (1793-1879), of Sullivan and Williamson counties, an itinerant Primitive Baptist minister and veteran of the War of 1812. He believed strongly in slavery and Southern Rights and that the North represented the Beast spoken of in Revelations, and the South, the Lamb. Cox describes his religious conversion; activities as a preacher in Middle Tennessee; a disturbance in 1853 at the Wilson Creek Primitive Baptist Church, located in Williamson County; and his life as an older man during the Civil War.
Mf. 87 -- Luther Howard Cowan Papers, 1861-1863. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is the diary and letters of Maj. Cowan (1822-1863), Co. B, 45th Illinois Volunteers, U.S. Army. Cowan records his observations of the Civil War and describes the battles fought at Fort Donelson, Fort Henry, and Shiloh. He was killed at Vicksburg in May, 1863.
Mf. 88 -- Samuel Sydney Gause Journal, 1861-1865. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The journal of S.S. Gause, 1st Arkansas Regiment, Engineer Corps, Confederate States of America, includes descriptions and drawings of military fortifications and batteries in Virginia. Also included is a copy of what was reputed to be the memoir of Isaac, the body servant of Thomas Jefferson.
Mf. 89 -- Orr Family Diaries, 1859-1866, 1884-1885. 4 vols. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The four diaries, which together, describe some events in the lives of the John Orr (fl. 1830-1865) family: their emigration from Ireland to Maury County; their move to Canada at the outbreak of the Civil War; life in Canada; the sons' service in the Confederate army; and the family's return to Maury County in 1865.
Mf. 90 -- Wilson Creek Primitive Baptist Church Records. Williamson County, 1804-1945. 3 vols. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The records of Wilson Creek Primitive Baptist Church consist of minutes of services and business meetings; membership lists by race and sex; lists of dismissals and deaths; and records of early legal cases settled by the church.
Mf. 91 -- W. R. Dyer Diaries, 1863-1864. 2 vols. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
The diaries of Pvt. Dyer, a member of General Nathan Bedford Forrest's Escort, Confederate States of America, record his daily activities, encampments, battles, and troop movements through Tennessee, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Alabama.
Mf. 92 -- U.S. Department of War Records, 1811-1815. NA. 4 reels. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is a selection from the U.S. War Department records dealing with the Creek War, 1813-14. Collection includes correspondence and orders of several early leaders including Willie Blount, John Coffee, Edmund P. Gaines, Andrew Jackson, Return J. Meigs, and James Robertson. Originals located in the National Archives, Washington, D.C.
Mf. 93 -- James V. Ewing Family Papers, 1803-1948. TSLA. 1 reel. 35mm.
The papers focus mainly on James V. Ewing during the period of 1834-1884. Several documents relate to family in Virginia where his grandfather was from, but the collection mainly traces the Ewing family in Tennessee. There are also documents on the Swanson and Ezell families. The materials are comprised of correspondence, wills, receipts, promissory notes, estate papers, Civil War documents, and newspaper clippings. The wills and personal correspondence shows family relationships and traces the ownership of the Ewing homestead near Lewisburg, Tennessee.
James V. Ewing owned several farms and was a slave owner. His account book shows that cotton was one of the crops. His correspondence from the Civil War period contains letters from a nephew and his son, J.C.C. Ewing who served as an assistant surgeon in the 17th Tennessee, Confederate army. The diary of Mrs. James V. Ewing is also included.
Mf. 94 -- Lt. Col. David E. Fowler papers, 1856-1879. 3 reels. TSLA. 35mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This collection contains the Commissary documents of Lt. Col. Fowler, appointed a Commissary of Subsistence by President Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. Fowler served at the Battle of Chancellorsville (Va.) and the Battle of Gettysburg. Among Commissary headquarters were Bridgeport, Alabama, and, Lookout Mountain and Chattanooga, Tennessee. His Commissary Corps followed General Sherman’s march-to-the-sea through Georgia. Also included is Fowler’s pocket diary on his journeys as well as his Farm Journal from Newburg, New York dated 1856 to May 22, 1863.
The originals are owned by the Historic Netherland Inn House Museum in Kingsport, Tennessee.
Mf. 95 -- John Elliott Mabry Account Book, ca. 1850-1863. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm.
This account book includes slave records, farm accounts, and lumber business accounts for “Poplar Hill” farm in Montgomery County, Tennessee that Mabry and his son, Thomas Lawson Mabry owned and operated. Thomas Lawson Mabry’s account book has also been microfilmed by TSLA and can be found at Mf. 1075. It directly relates to John Elliott’s in that it links sharecroppers in Thomas Lawson’s book to slaves in John Elliott’s.
Mf. 96 -- Blacksmith Shop Account Book, 1860-1861. 1 vol. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This account book for a blacksmith shop in Wilson County consists of an alphabetical listing of customers' names, descriptions of services rendered or items purchased, and amounts paid
Mf. 97 -- McGavock Family Letters, 1798-1850. 31 items. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is the correspondence of the McGavocks, a prominent nineteenth century Middle Tennessee family. Correspondents include Hugh (1761-1844), David (1762-1838), and Randal (1761-1844) McGavock, sons of James McGavock (1728-1812); James (1786-1833), Jacob (1790-1878), and Joseph (1787-1853) McGavock, sons of Hugh McGavock; Samuel Hyde Saunders (fl. 1830), and Elizabeth Ewing (1801-1876). Subjects covered include David and Randal McGavock's search for good Tennessee land for purchase during the early 1800s; also, James and Joseph McGavock's experiences while serving in the military during the War of 1812. See also Mf. 37, Mf. 626, Mf. 836, Mf. 842 and Mf. 1218 for other collections of McGavock papers. Unpublished register.
Mf. 98 -- Heiskell Family Diaries, 1849, 1863-1865. Jefferson County, Tennessee. 2 vols. TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This is a diary kept by Hugh Brown Heiskell (1825-1849) while traveling by wagon train to Sacramento, California, during the 1849 gold rush. Heiskell records the scenic beauty as well as the daily rigors of a trip to the West. The 1863-65 diary of Susan Heiskell McCampbell (1834-1917), of Dandridge, the wife of Confederate States of America officer William McCampbell, describes the hardships suffered by women and children in Dandridge during the Civil War. Also included are a letter from McCampbell to his wife; the will of Frederick Steidinger (d. 1791) of Washington County, Maryland; and genealogical data on the Heiskell and related families.
Mf. 99 -- Tannehill and Wilkins Family Records, ca. 1670-1950. 20 items (some typed transcripts). TSLA. 1 reel. 35 mm. Microfilm Only Collection.
This collection includes historical and biographical sketches, correspondence, birth and death records, marriage records, and other information pertaining to the Tannehill and Wilkins families of Nashville and other parts of the U.S.